If you ever think about how your eyesight might change as you get older, you’re not alone. As we age, our eyes undergo various changes, impacting our daily activities like driving or reading. Understanding what we can expect from our eye health as time passes is essential to be prepared for different circumstances. In this article, we’ll explore some common age-related eye conditions, their signs and symptoms, and offer tips on prevention and management.

How Age Relates to Eye Health

Just like our bodies experience changes as we age, so do our eyes. Some common age-related eye conditions include:

  • Cataracts: This condition involves a cloudy lens that affects vision. It can make images appear hazy and may cause sensitivity to glare. Symptoms can include blurriness, difficulty seeing at night, or fading of colours.
  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD): This usually affects the central part of the retina (the macula) and can cause vision loss in the centre field. Signs of AMD include difficulty recognizing faces or reading small words in print.
  • Glaucoma: This issue occurs when there is damage to the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain. It can cause a gradual loss of peripheral vision and sometimes lead to complete blindness. If you have glaucoma, you may experience tunnel vision, halos around lights, or in acute cases, severe eye pain.
  • Dry Eye: Our eyes may produce fewer tears as we age, leading to dryness and irritation. This can cause discomfort, redness, itchiness, and sensitivity to light.

Prevention and Management of Age-Related Eye Conditions

While age-related eye conditions are common, there are steps you can take to delay their onset or catch them in their early stages. 

1. Lifestyle

Some lifestyle factors can help prevent or delay eye health issues. This can include:

  • Eating a healthy diet rich in vitamins C and E, lutein, zeaxanthin, and omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Avoiding smoking.
  • Limiting alcohol consumption.

2. Treatment

Options for treatment depend on the condition and severity, but can include the following:

  • Changing your eyeglasses prescription
  • Cataract surgery
  • Medical injections
  • Laser surgery
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Medications
  • Eyedrops

3. Regular Eye Exams

Getting your vision checked regularly is essential for detecting and managing age-related eye conditions. At Laurier Optical, we’re here to catch optical health problems early. Book an eye exam with us today so we can help you properly maintain your vision and prevent further damage.